How to structure an academic article

An academic article written for a school journal differs from that of a normal article in that it must be written in a format that can be marked by your professor. If you don’t know how to structure an academic article, your submission will be rejected and you’ll have to start again.

If you’re not able to find out the exact structure of an academic article, here is a brief rundown of all the components:

    The front page

    An academic article’s front page will contain basic information about the article’s subject and author. Included here are the following:

  • ● The name of the school journal where the article is being published
  • ● The date the article was written
  • ● The edition number of the article if applicable
  • ● Sometimes the number of pages can be stated
  • ● The title of the article in large font—usually about ten to fifteen words long
  • ● Name of the writer/s
  • ● A brief abstract giving a summary of the article’s content. People will read this before deciding whether they are interested to read further, so it should be catchy.

  • These points must be written in the order they have been given above. Play around with spacing and font size to make sure it all fits comfortably onto one page.

    The content

    You’ll now move into the main part of the article which should be written according to what you’ve summarized in your abstract. More detail will be given here and all the facts will be stated. The components in the main content are:

  • ● An introduction which is slightly longer than the abstract and provides an open window to the subject material. A method section holding information about what procedures were undertaken when obtaining the content matter that is contained in the following section.
  • ● The results section is where your main article is formed because it’s the actual ‘news’ that you’re reporting on.
  • ● Continuing from there is the discussion where the consequences of the method are talked about conversationally.

  • The end

  • ● One section marks the end of your article which is the referencing of the sourced information and all other contributions like website URLs, books, interviews and other published literature.

These are really all the components your academic article needs to possess, unless otherwise specified by your professor.

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